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I have a Masters degree in counselling psychology and I am a publisher and freelance writer more...

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I've published 610 articles that have been viewed 1,455,190 times. I've received +3,759 recommendations as an expert for my writing. I've answered 46 questions and received +23 positive votes.
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Debates have gone on for over a century as to whether or not mental illness should be classified. The ethics of labeling always comes to the forefront. How useful are these classification systems and do they do more good than harm? Some scientists feel the systems are useful, others feel they are totally irrelevant and still others find that the diagnosis themselves are erroneous to begin with.
Published by carol roach 60 months ago in Psychology | +7 votes | 3 comments
The DSM – IV-TR put out by the American Psychiatric Association attempts to standardize mental illnesses so that every clinician would have a guideline for diagnosis. The listing is the easy part but the actual diagnosis can be tricky as the clinician must consider medical conditions and other psychosocial conditions which could contribute to the mental disorders. Only psychiatrists and psychologists can diagnosis mental disorders.
Published by carol roach 61 months ago in Psychology | +3 votes | 0 comments
The DSM – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is listing of mental illnesses. This article will give a brief introduction to the various disorders found on Axis I. Axis I is the axis for the most severe types of medical disorders such as psychotic disorders where people are completely out of touch with reality.
Published by carol roach 61 months ago in Psychology | +4 votes | 0 comments
A clinician will make an assessment of a patient using the DSM for mental disorders. The DSM is a guideline for diagnosing different disorders. The manual is divided into five sections known as axes. What is considered mental disorders are notated on Axis I and II. The other Axes III and IV determine any medical or psychosocial problems which may affect the mental Illness; while Axis V provides an assessment form for the patient’s general level of functioning.
Published by carol roach 61 months ago in Psychology | +6 votes | 3 comments
Mental health remained a mystery throughout time. During the Middle Ages physicians would practice bloodletting for every disease imaginable. This cure-all rarely cured anything at all. France, England, and the USA attempted to create mental illness classification systems in the 19th and early 20th century to no avail. The idea never really caught on. Finally, the American Psychiatric Association developed the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – The DSM in 1952.
Published by carol roach 61 months ago in Psychology | +8 votes | 1 comments
Most of the individual psychology theories such as the learning theory, cognitive, and biological theory are not sufficient in determining and explaining the origins of mental illness. The diathesis-stress model stipulates that in order to come down with a mental disorder, a person must have a biological predisposition for the disease, they must live in a bad environment and they must be experiencing stress because of that environment.
Published by carol roach 61 months ago in Psychology | +6 votes | 5 comments
Illnesses of the mind have many causes and many questions still remaining regarding the causes of the various diseases. Research is ongoing and hopefully one day we will have a better understanding and better therapies for each mental disorder including schizophrenia. Neither, the biological theory, and behavioral theory is not sufficient to explain the causes of this disease.
Published by carol roach 62 months ago in Psychology | +12 votes | 1 comments
Behavioral or learning theory maintains that our behavior is influenced by our environment. On the other hand, cognitive theory maintains that our thoughts and feelings influence our behavior. Recently, psychologists realize that the two theories can be combined to produce a better theory known as cognitive behavioral theory. Therefore, humans are influenced by the environment and in turn shape their environment as well.
Published by carol roach 62 months ago in Psychology | +10 votes | 1 comments
There are two great pioneers of cognitive psychology Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck. Both of these great men made major contributions to normal and abnormal psychology. Beck is remembered for his work in understanding depression. Beck proposed that depressed people only focus on what is gloomy and ignore what is positive in their lives.
Published by carol roach 62 months ago in Psychology | +6 votes | 3 comments
Cognitive therapists treat their clients by a therapy called cognitive restructuring. It is also called cognitive reframing. Clients who have irrational thoughts are taught to look at their situation from a different perspective. Albert Ellis started a therapy called rational-emotive therapy. He believed that emotions were behind the irrational thoughts that humans have.
Published by carol roach 62 months ago in Psychology | +6 votes | 5 comments
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